Sunday, December 29, 2019

Which Continent Is the Worlds Smallest

There are seven continents in the world and Asia is the largest, and according to land-mass, Australia is the smallest at almost a fifth of the size of Asia, but Europe is not far behind as it has just over a million more square miles than Australia. The measurement of Australia is just shy of three million square miles, but this includes the major island continent of Australia as well as surrounding islands, which are collectively referred to Oceania. As a result, if youre judging size compared to population, Australia ranks number two with just over 40 million residents in all of Oceania (which includes New Zealand). Antartica, the least populated continent in the world, only has a few thousand researchers that call the frozen wasteland their home.   How Small Is Australia by Land Area and Population? In terms of land area, the continent of  Australia  is the worlds smallest continent. In total, it includes  2,967,909 square miles (7,686,884 square kilometers), which is slightly smaller than the country of Brazil as well as the contiguous United States. Keep in mind, though, this number includes the small island nations that surround it in the Pacific Island region of the globe. Europe is nearly a million square miles larger as the second smallest continent, measuring at a total of 3,997,929 square miles (10,354,636 square kilometers) while Antarctica is the third smallest continent at approximately  5,500,000 square miles (14,245,000 square kilometers). When it comes to population, technically Australia is the second smallest continent. If we exclude Antarctica, then Australia is the smallest, and as a result, we might say that Australia is the smallest populated continent. After all, the 4,000 researchers on Antarctica only stay through the summer while 1,000 remain through the winter. According to 2017  world population statistics, Oceania has a population of  40,467,040; South America of 426,548,297; North and Central America of 540,473,499; Europe of  739,207,742; Africa of  1,246,504,865; and Asia of  4,478,315,164 How Australia Compares in Other Ways Australia is an island since its surrounded by water but it is also large enough to be considered a continent, which makes Australia the largest island in the world—though technically since the island nation is technically a continent, most ascribe  Greenland as the largest in the world. Still, Australia is also the largest country without land borders and the worlds six-largest country on earth. Additionally, it is the largest single country to exist entirely within the Southern Hemisphere—though this accomplishment isnt much considering more than half of the worlds country are in the Northern Hemisphere. Although it has nothing to do with its size, Australia is also comparatively the driest, most arid continent of the seven, and it also boasts some of the most dangerous and exotic creatures outside of the Amazon rainforest of South America. Australias Relationship With Oceania According to the United Nations, Oceania represents a geographic region made up of islands of the Pacific Ocean which includes Australia, Papua New Guinea and excludes Indonesian New Guinea and the Malay Archipelago. However, others include New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia as well as the U.S. island of Hawaii and the Japan island of the Bonin Islands in this geographic grouping. Quite often, when referring to this southern Pacific region, people will use the term Australia and Oceania rather than adding Australia into Oceania. Additionally, the grouping of Australia and New Zealand is often referred to as Australiasia. These definitions largely depend on the context of their use. For instance, the United Nations definition which only includes Australia and unclaimed independent territories is used for organized international relations and competitions like the Olympics, and since Indonesia owns part of New Guinea, that part is excluded from the definition of Oceania.

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Private And Public Health Insurance - 1178 Words

Private health insurance covers 44% of the Australian population. The percentage is one of the highest among the OECD countries. PHI coverage first declined in 1984 after the introduction of Medicare, which offered free hospitalization in the public health facilities and subsidized medical care. The decline continued until 1990 where it hit lows of 30% of the population down from 50% in 1984. The decline was attributed to the rise in the confidence of the universal coverage system ad increase in PHI premiums. However, the trend was reversed in 1996 after a series of initiatives by the policy makers. Consequently, the percentage of coverage rose from 30% in 1999 to 45% in 2001 (Cromwell, 2002, p, 73). The graph below shows the increase in the number of private insured persons since 1995. The growth in private insurance costs in Australia can be attributed to three main policies implemented by the government to enticed, as well ascompel individuals to join private and public health insurance incentive schemes (Sassi, Belloni Capobianco, 2013. P. 15). The first factor relates to the introduction of lifetime health cover policy in 2000. The cover involved financial loading on the private health insurance hospital cover.The aimwas to motivate people to take up private insurance earlier in life and maintain their coverage. Thus, the persons that take up insurance covers before the age of thirty pay lower premiums compared to those that joins the insurance cover at a later ageShow MoreRelatedHealth Care Delivery System Us Public Health System977 Words   |  4 PagesTitle US Health Care Delivery System US Public Health System Mission Achieving universal access, delivering services that are cost-effective, and meeting pre-established standards of quality. Ensuring conditions in which the entire population can be healthy by protecting, promoting, and advancing the health and safety of the nation. Structure -There are four functional components of health care delivery system. 1-Financing: to purchase insurance or to pay for health care services consumed. 2-Insurance:Read MoreCanada as an Ethical and Egalitarian Model for the United States1643 Words   |  7 Pagesthe United States, and the best system would be a Canadian-style, single-payer form of national health insurance rather than Obama Care or reliance on private health insurance. Health care is a basic human right, and from an ethical viewpoint, the system in the United States is the most unjust and unequal in the Western world and paradoxically the most expensive as well. Although national health insurance was first proposed as early as 1912, and again during the New Deal and Fair Deal in the 1930sRead MoreHealthcare Systems Vs. Healthcare1241 Words   |  5 Pagestechnological and scientific advancement have shaped the U.S healthcare system and still impact how health services are provided to the American population . In the U.S, the responsibility of healthcare is distributed between the government, employers, and individuals. Through the enactment of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010, federal and state programs under Medicare, Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) are available to low income populations. Australia In Australia, the GovernmentRead MoreAffordable Care Act ( Aca )1399 Words   |  6 Pagesidea of adding a public option to the U.S healthcare system for individuals like myself that do not qualify for Medicaid and do not have the financial means to buy health insurance on the private market. Public option is a government run plan that promotes competition in the health insurance market to lower prices. Even Obama agrees that Congress should revisit a public plan to compete alongside private insurers in areas of the country where competition is limited. Adding a public plan in such areasRead MoreThe German Health Care System949 Words   |  4 PagesOverview The German health care system is one of the best health system in the world. This evolved system distinguished in many perspectives. Those are the aspects of German health system that will be covered in this report: the structure and characteristics of the German health care system, comparison with the Australian health system, evaluation for the organization and administration of the health system, and policy development in Germany. Structure In the term of health care system structureRead MoreHealth Care Systems Are Different In Every Country Around1603 Words   |  7 PagesHealth care systems are different in every country around the world. There are four main components that complete a health care delivery system, described by Shi and Singh (2015) as the quad-function model, which includes insurance, financing, payment and delivery of care (p. 5). Along with the components of the quad-function model it is important to analyze a countries access to care, their health outcomes and how public health is integrated into the health care delivery system. The United StatesRead MoreObservations And Analysis Of The United States Health Care Delivery System1403 Words   |  6 PagesObservations and analysis of the comparison: The Matrix tells that the US health care delivery system that (The process that enables people to receive health care or the provision of health care services to patients) is complex and massive, and despite the uniqueness of the US health care delivery system, but it lacks the universal access (no national health care program); therefore, not all population has continuous and comprehensive health care. Its mission is to have universal access with better qualityRead MoreDescription Of A Purchaser And Provider1471 Words   |  6 PagesDescribe a purchaser/provider split and whether your country’s health system has a purchaser/provider split. Purchaser/ provider split is a situation whereby the entity that purchases health is managerially separated from the provider/ entity that delivers healthcare; usually by a third party entity/purchaser. It simply means that the service provider is not the same as the service purchaser. It can also be described as a situation whereby the duty of paying for care and delivery of care is separated;Read More Public vs. Private Healthcare in Canada Essay1658 Words   |  7 PagesThe private health care system is superior to the public health care system Being a Canadian citizen, it is hard for me to think of life without any health insurance. I have had public health insurance all my life growing up and have been free to go to any hospital at any time and get some form of health care. Residing in the United States off and for the last 7 years I have experienced health care from both sides. I feel that private health care has huge advantages over publicRead MoreHealth Care System Is Defined As A System938 Words   |  4 Pagestransforms of society, people put the personal health at the first place and concern the health issues more seriously. In the increased phenomenon that people start attaching the importance of being healthy, health care system has performed as an important role in human’s life circle: birth, growth, illness, and death. Health care system is defined as a system â€Å"to include all the activities whose primary purpose is to promote, restore or maintain health† (Musgrove et al., 2000, p. 5), wit h the functions

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Vinegar Essay Example For Students

Vinegar Essay VinegarChris Nacey Writing 101 Final draft 2-19-1997When I was a child, I spent a lot of time in the kitchen with my mother. She liked to cook and so did I. Because of this, I learned my way around thekitchen. I knew the place for everything, and I knew the uses of mosteverything. There was only one paradox, in my knowledge of the kitchen: vinegar. My mother had one bottle of vinegar for as long as I can remember. She neverused it in cooking, or taught me how to for that matter. Our bottle of WhiteWine Vinegar sat in our cupboard: on the bottom shelf, enigmatically, untouched,detached. I knew that my mother wouldnt have it without reason. It was in thekitchen, so I concluded that it must be some sort of, rarely used, cookingstaple. I would never have guessed then that vinegar had so many uses. Just the other day, I was in the mall visiting a friend that works atFrankincense and Myrrh. While there, I happened upon some bottles that caughtmy eye. They were attractive looking ornamental bottles. Each one was filledwith mysterious, colored liquids: the colors varied from red to brown to yellow. In the liquids were berries, sprigs of herbs, and things of the such. Ithought they looked interesting, so I picked up a bottle that I recognized ashaving sage in it. I took a look at the label. On the label were listed theingredients: sage, rosemary, and southernwood leaves. When I read the front ofthe bottle, I was surprised to find that I was looking at an herbal vinegar hairrinse. Before this I never knew that such a thing existed. After my experienceat the mall, I became aware that vinegar didnt just belong in the kitchen. This intrigued me. I decided to find out more about vinegar and its uses. Nobody knows the exact origins of vinegar, but there are many storiesand beliefs surrounding this strange liquid.(Oster 3) The Roman Army wasrecorded to have mixed vinegar with water to make a sort of Gatorade for thesoldiers. In the eighteenth and nineteenth century United States, similardrinks known as shrubs or switchels were made by field laborers. To makethese drinks, they mixed either fruit juices or water, with sometimes salt, andfruit-flavored vinegars.(Oster 4) The earliest recorded use of vinegar, however,was in Babylonia around 5,000 B.C. There, it was typically made from dates, andcommonplace as a medicine.(Oster 3)Throughout history, vinegar has been used medicinally. Via modernscience we know vinegar to have antibacterial and antiseptic properties.(Oster5) But before the convenience of laboratory analysis, Hippocrates (commonlycalled the father of medicine) recommended vinegar to his patients. One suchrecommendation was a vinegar, honey, and pepper douche for femininedi sorders.(Oster 5) Folklore has it that during a plague epidemic inMarseilles, four robbers drenched themselves with what is now known as FourThieves Vinegar. In doing so, legend say that they were able to pilfer thediseased and deceased without getting infected themselves.(Geddes) In the CivilWar, vinegar was issued to counter scurvy. More recently, in World War I,vinegar was commonly accepted as treatment for wounds.(Oster 5)Other more modern medicinal uses for vinegar also exist. A mixture ofapple cider vinegar and water, if used properly, can help reduce acneproblems.(Geddes) A similar solution has been known to help with indigestion iftaken regularly.(Oster 42) Cold apple cider vinegar can also help relieve thepain of sunburns.(Geddes)Vinegar also has many uses around the house. Because vinegar is acidicby nature, it is very useful for a spectrum of cleaning uses and other tasks. .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc , .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .postImageUrl , .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc , .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc:hover , .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc:visited , .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc:active { border:0!important; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc:active , .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uabaa402eb0238df2015db709032d5bbc:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Analysis Of O. Henrys Art And The Bronco EssayVinegar is relatively inexpensive and, by comparison to the mass-produced toxicchemical cleaners, potent. For most home uses, one would usually dilute thevinegar in water. A one gallon bottle of apple cider vinegar could replace awhole box full of harmful chemicals found littering the common home. Vinegarcan both remove stains from wooden furniture and act as polish.(Oster 33) Whenyour drain gets clogged, you dont need to buy the toxic liquid plumber. Youcan pour a handful of baking soda down the drain, add a half a cup of vinegar,and then cover the opening for five to ten minutes. Doing this will unclog yourdrain.(Geddes)I hav e found several innovative uses for vinegar. The uses listed hereare only a few of the many that exist. After learning about them, I have foundways